HSE is not responsible for enforcing smoke-free laws, however, HSE inspectors will alert the employer to any concerns, especially if there are a number of smokers or if warnings are not posted. If the employer refuses to follow this advice, the inspector will draw the attention of the appropriate local authority to the matter. All complaints received by the HSE regarding the smoking ban will be forwarded to the relevant local authority. In 2019, there were an estimated 3 million e-cigarette users in the UK, around half of whom reported using them as smoking cessation aids.  Cancer Research UK estimated that smoking is the leading cause of preventable diseases and premature death, with around 107,000 people dying from smoking-related diseases, including cancer, in the UK in 2007. Around 86% of lung cancer deaths in the UK are caused by smoking; Overall, it is estimated that smoking is responsible for more than a quarter of cancer deaths in the UK, with around 43,000 deaths in 2007.  «Right after the law was passed, more people tried to quit smoking, and more people succeeded because it`s much easier to avoid these situations,» says Hazel Cheeseman, director of policy at ASH (Action on Smoking and Health). The British Medical Journal notes that the UK has the world`s largest reduction in lung cancer deaths due to its efforts to help smokers quit. In 1950, the United Kingdom had one of the highest rates in the world. The annual number of lung cancer deaths in 2000 was half of what it was in 1965.  The Health Act 2006 gives the Welsh Government regulatory powers in this matter.
The Smoke-Free Premises, etc. (Wales) Regulations 2007 came into force on 2 April 2007. There are very few exceptions to the smoking ban and anyone who breaks the law could face severe penalties. Employers, managers and persons inspecting the premises must post no-smoking notices and take appropriate measures to ensure that employees, customers, members and visitors are aware of the smoking ban and do not smoke indoors. Companies can be fined up to £2,500 if they fail to prevent people from smoking in the workplace, or up to £1,000 for not displaying `non-smoking` signs. Advice and information on the law, including advice for businesses on how to comply with regulations, is available on the Clearing the Air website. The publication Smoke-free Scotland – Guidance on smoking policies for the NHS, local authorities and care service providers also contains useful advice. Or contact the Scottish Government`s Tobacco Control Team at: Smoking prevalence varies by geography. In self-reported data from the Annual Population Survey, the local authorities of Kingston upon Hull and Blackpool had consistently high smoking prevalence rates of 22.2% and 23.4%, respectively, in 2019, while Ribble Valley and Rushcliffe had rates of 5.1% and 5.9%, respectively.  It is estimated that in some of Scotland`s most deprived communities, smoking rates can be as high as 47%. An estimated 40% of adults smoke in the constituency of Glasgow East, one of the UK`s most disadvantaged seats. [ref.
necessary] Staff smoking rooms are not allowed – smokers must go out. Guidelines for the portrayal of smoking in the media. In the UK, smoking is permitted by law, with certain conditions set out in separately enacted laws in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Under the Health Act 2006 for England and Wales, the Smoking (Northern Ireland) Order 2006 for Northern Ireland and the Smoking, Health and Social Services (Scotland) Act 2005 for Scotland, it is illegal to smoke tobacco in enclosed public places such as restaurants. shops or pubs. It is also illegal to smoke in a car when transporting people under the age of 18 or when a vehicle is used for business purposes. Smoking is widespread among a large but steadily decreasing minority of the population. It has been argued that smoking places a significant burden on the NHS due to health conditions that may be directly linked to smoking. Successive British governments have sought to reduce smoking prevalence. As part of this commitment, the NHS is currently providing free support to smokers who wish to quit. If you have any doubts about whether your building or structure is closed, essentially enclosed or open enough to allow smoking in the smartest way for businesses, contact the local council for advice and clarification. On 26 March 2006, Scotland`s Smoking Act was amended.
Under the Smoking (Scotland) Regulations 2006, public places and workplaces have become smoke-free, with some exceptions. Vehicles used for commercial purposes are also affected by the new law. This includes light and heavy commercial vehicles as well as public transport such as taxis, buses, trains and ferries. However, all cars are exempt. In 2015, it was reported that the smoking rate in England had fallen to just 16.9%, a record high.  By 2018, the smoking rate in the UK had fallen to 14.4%.  People aged 25 to 34 had the highest smoking rate, with about 1 in 5 people in this age group (about 1.4 million adults) being smokers. The responsibility of doctors in relation to their patients` smoking, the availability of cessation aids such as nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) in the NHS and beyond, and the responsibility of the NHS and local authorities to provide smoking cessation services. Despite public and bipartisan support for maintaining and expanding smoke-free places, the tobacco industry and a small number of MPs have tried to push for legislative changes, particularly to reintroduce smoking in pubs.
However, there is no objective evidence that there is an audience for this or that the hospitality industry has suffered from smoke-free laws.